Step by Step Guide to create a sample CRUD Java application using MongoDB and Spring Data for MongoDB.

MongoDB is a scalable, high-performance, open source NoSQL database. Instead of storing data in tables as is done in a “classical” relational database, it stores structured data as JSON-like documents with dynamic schemas. This post contains steps to create a sample application using MongoDB and Spring Data for MongoDB.

Spring Data for MongoDB

‘Spring data for MongoDB’ is providing a familiar Spring-based programming model for NoSQL data stores. It provides many features to the Java developers and make their life more simpler while working with MongoDB. MongoTemplate helper class support increases productivity performing common Mongo operations. Includes integrated object mapping between documents and POJOs.  As usual it translates exception into Spring’s portable Data Access Exception hierarchy.  The Java based Query, Criteria, and Update DSLs  are very useful to code all in Java. It also provides a cross-store persistence – support for JPA Entities with fields transparently persisted/retrieved using MongoDB.

You can download it from here: Download

Installing Mongo DB in just 5 steps!

There is no other place on internet which explains more clearly than its official installation reference. Following are the steps which I followed when I did its installation.

1. Download the latest production release of MongoDB from the MongoDB downloads page.

2. Unzip it into any of your convenient location say like


3. MongoDB requires a data folder to store its files. The default location for the MongoDB data directory is C:\data\db. But we can create any folder location for storing data. I want to make it in the same MongoDB folder. So I have created a folder at the below path.


4. That’s it! Go to C:\mongodb\bin folder and run mongod.exe with the data path

C:\mongodb\bin\mongod.exe –dbpath C:\mongodb\data\db

If your path includes spaces, enclose the entire path in double quotations, for example:

C:\mongodb\bin\mongod.exe –dbpath “C:\mongodb\data\db storage place”


5. To start MongoDB, go to its bin folder and run mongo.exe. This mongo shell will connect to the database running on the localhost interface and port 27017 by default. If you want to run MongoDB as a windows service then please see it here.



Okay, this part is done. Let it run there. Now we can create a small Java application with Spring Data.

Creating an application with Spring Data (Another 5 more steps!)

We need below Jars for creating this sample project. As I am a nature lover and a GoGreen person I named the project as “NatureStore”! Using this we are going to “Save” some “Trees” in to the DB!

Step1: Create a simple domain object.

The @Document annotation identifies a domain object that is going to be persisted to MongoDB.  And the  @Id annotation identifies its id.

package com.orangeslate.naturestore.domain;


public class Tree {

	private String id;

	private String name;

	private String category;

	private int age;

	public Tree(String id, String name, int age) { = id; = name;
		this.age = age;

	public String getId() {
		return id;

	public void setId(String id) { = id;

	public String getName() {
		return name;

	public void setName(String name) { = name;

	public String getCategory() {
		return category;

	public void setCategory(String category) {
		this.category = category;

	public int getAge() {
		return age;

	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;

	public String toString() {
		return "Person [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", age=" + age
				+ ", category=" + category + "]";

Step2: Create a simple Interface.

Created a simple interface with CRUD methods. I have also includes createColletions and dropCollections into this same interface.

package com.orangeslate.naturestore.repository;

import java.util.List;

import com.mongodb.WriteResult;

public interface Repository<T> {

	public List<T> getAllObjects();

	public void saveObject(T object);

	public T getObject(String id);

	public WriteResult updateObject(String id, String name);

	public void deleteObject(String id);

	public void createCollection();

	public void dropCollection();

Step 3: Create an implementation class specifically for Tree domain object. It also initializes the MongoDB Collections.

package com.orangeslate.naturestore.repository;

import java.util.List;


import com.mongodb.WriteResult;
import com.orangeslate.naturestore.domain.Tree;

public class NatureRepositoryImpl implements Repository<Tree> {

	MongoTemplate mongoTemplate;

	public void setMongoTemplate(MongoTemplate mongoTemplate) {
		this.mongoTemplate = mongoTemplate;

	 * Get all trees.
	public List<Tree> getAllObjects() {
		return mongoTemplate.findAll(Tree.class);

	 * Saves a {@link Tree}.
	public void saveObject(Tree tree) {

	 * Gets a {@link Tree} for a particular id.
	public Tree getObject(String id) {
		return mongoTemplate.findOne(new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)),

	 * Updates a {@link Tree} name for a particular id.
	public WriteResult updateObject(String id, String name) {
		return mongoTemplate.updateFirst(
				new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)),
				Update.update("name", name), Tree.class);

	 * Delete a {@link Tree} for a particular id.
	public void deleteObject(String id) {
				.remove(new Query(Criteria.where("id").is(id)), Tree.class);

	 * Create a {@link Tree} collection if the collection does not already
	 * exists
	public void createCollection() {
		if (!mongoTemplate.collectionExists(Tree.class)) {

	 * Drops the {@link Tree} collection if the collection does already exists
	public void dropCollection() {
		if (mongoTemplate.collectionExists(Tree.class)) {

Step 4: Creating Spring context.

Declare all the spring beans and mongodb objects in Spring context file. Lets call it as applicationContext.xml. Note we are creating not created a database with name “nature” yet. MongoDB will create it once we saves our first data.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns=""
	xmlns:xsi="" xmlns:context=""

	<bean id="natureRepository"
		<property name="mongoTemplate" ref="mongoTemplate" />

	<bean id="mongoTemplate" class="">
		<constructor-arg name="mongo" ref="mongo" />
		<constructor-arg name="databaseName" value="nature" />

	<!-- Factory bean that creates the Mongo instance -->
	<bean id="mongo" class="">
		<property name="host" value="localhost" />
		<property name="port" value="27017" />

	<!-- Activate annotation configured components -->
	<context:annotation-config />

	<!-- Scan components for annotations within the configured package -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.orangeslate.naturestore">
		<context:exclude-filter type="annotation"
			expression="org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration" />


Step 5: Creating a Test class

Here I have created a simple test class and initializing context inside using ClassPathXmlApplicationContext.

package com.orangeslate.naturestore.test;

import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;

import com.orangeslate.naturestore.domain.Tree;
import com.orangeslate.naturestore.repository.NatureRepositoryImpl;
import com.orangeslate.naturestore.repository.Repository;

public class MongoTest {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		ConfigurableApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(

		Repository repository = context.getBean(NatureRepositoryImpl.class);

		// cleanup collection before insertion

		// create collection

		repository.saveObject(new Tree("1", "Apple Tree", 10));

		System.out.println("1. " + repository.getAllObjects());

		repository.saveObject(new Tree("2", "Orange Tree", 3));

		System.out.println("2. " + repository.getAllObjects());

		System.out.println("Tree with id 1" + repository.getObject("1"));

		repository.updateObject("1", "Peach Tree");

		System.out.println("3. " + repository.getAllObjects());


		System.out.println("4. " + repository.getAllObjects());

Lets run it as Java application. We can see the below output. First method saves “Apple Tree” into the database. Second method saves “OrangeTree” also into the database. Third method demonstrates finding an object with its id. Fourth one updates an existing object name with “Peach Tree”. And at last; the last method deletes the second object from DB.

1. [Person [id=1, name=Apple Tree, age=10, category=null]]
2. [Person [id=1, name=Apple Tree, age=10, category=null], Person [id=2, name=Orange Tree, age=3, category=null]]
Tree with id 1Person [id=1, name=Apple Tree, age=10, category=null]
3. [Person [id=1, name=Peach Tree, age=10, category=null], Person [id=2, name=Orange Tree, age=3, category=null]]
4. [Person [id=1, name=Peach Tree, age=10, category=null]]

NOTE: You can download all this code from Github!

4 thoughts on “Step by Step Guide to create a sample CRUD Java application using MongoDB and Spring Data for MongoDB.

  1. Can i use database which is an instance of mongodb as backend database for storing username and password for my android application.

  2. This code is realy help for me. but i dnt know the nature database is on mongoDB server but it’s empty records are not inserted in database. i dn’t khow why? I am getting output like you. Plz help me.

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