Apache Geronimo Project

The goal of the Geronimo project is to produce a server runtime framework that pulls together the best Open Source alternatives to create runtimes that meet the needs of developers and system administrators. Our most popular distribution is a fully certified Java EE 5 application server runtime.

Some of our guiding principles are:

  • Easy to use.
  • Build servers that are distributed under the Apache Software License.
  • Provide runtimes that meet the needs of developers, administrators and system integrators.
  • Integrate with the best open source tooling available like Eclipse.
  • Provide frequent releases of our software so users can experience the newest features and have access to the latest bug fixes.
  • Build a community that incorporates multiple disciplines required to create complex runtime and toolable infrastructure.
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Creating Mock Tests: Using Easy mock

Unit testing is now a "best practice" for software development. In this unit testing we have to face so many situations where we need to interact with Database or any other resources. But at the same time we need to make our Tests isolated too. Here comes the importance of Mock objects.

Mock objects are a useful way to write unit tests for objects that act as mediators. “Instead of calling the real domain objects, the tested object calls a mock domain object that merely asserts that the correct methods were called, with the expected parameters, in the correct order.”

Using EasyMock Framework

EasyMock is a framework for creating mock objects using the java.lang.reflect.Proxy object. When a mock object is created, a proxy object takes the place of the real object. The proxy object gets its definition from the interface or class you pass when creating the mock.
EasyMock is providing two APIs for creating mock objects that are based on interfaces, the other on classes (org.easymock.EasyMock and org.easymock. classextensions.EasyMock respectively).

We can separate the EasyMock implementation into FOUR steps 

1. Creating a Mock Object using “EasyMock.createMock”.

Create Mock : Using this static method we are creating a mock object. And this is the first step which we need to do in mock testing.

When we creates this mock objects then we can follow three levels.

Regular: If we are expecting some methods to be executed then it was not executed then the test will fail.  And if any unexpected tests executed then also test will fail. Here the order of the method execution is not important.

Ex: EmpDAO empDAO = EasyMock.createMock(EmpDAO.class);

Nice: If we are expecting some methods to be executed then it was not executed then the test will fail. And if any unexpected tests executed then it will return a default value. Here also order is not important.

Ex: EmpDAO empDAO = EasyMock.createNiceMock(EmpDAO.class);

Strict: Same as regular but here the Order of the expected methods also important.

Ex: EmpDAO empDAO = EasyMock.createStrictMock(EmpDAO.class);

2. Expecting mock object method calls using “EasyMock.expect”.

This is used to expect some method calls from our mock object. Lets go through one example.

Lets assume we have the following methods which gets employee information from DB.

List<Employee> employee = empDao.getEmpDetails();

List<Employee> employee = empDao.getEmpDetailsByName(“bond”);

In the unit test we need to follow as follows…

EmpDao mockDao = EaskMock.createMock(EmpDao.class);

Employee mockEmp = new Employee();

List<Employee> empList= new ArrayList<Employee>(1);


3. Registering/replaying expected methods using “EasyMock.replay”.

Once the behavior of the mock objects has been recorded with expectations, the mock objects must be prepared to replay those expectations. We are using replay() method for this purpose. EaskMock will stop the expecting behavior once this method calls.


4. Verifying the expected methods using “EasyMock.verify”.

Veirfying the mock expectations is the final step which we need to follow. This includes validating that all methods that were expected to be called were called and that any calls that were not expected are also noted.


Easymock is providing more functionalities like “Matchers” etc for more unit testing flexibility. EasyMock has been the first dynamic Mock Object generator, relieving users of hand-writing Mock Objects, or generating code for them. It helps us to increase our testing coverage a lot.

Analyze your Unit test coverage with Cobertura…

Writing Unit test cases is now mandatory for every developers in the Companies. But at the same time it is very important that we need to analyze the Unit test coverage that is done by that developer. Just writing some test cases will not make sense. Here comes the job of Cobertura.

Cobertura is an open source tool used to analyze the Coverage of Unit tests. It will give Percentage values for the Line coverage as well as Branch coverage.

Some features  are listed below.

  • Can be executed from ant or from the command line.
  • In maven case we have Corbertura Maven plugins.
  • Instruments Java bytecode after it has been compiled.
  • Can generate reports in HTML or XML.
  • Shows the percentage of lines and branches covered for each class, each package, and for the overall project.
  • Shows the McCabe cyclomatic code complexity of each class, and the average cyclomatic code complexity for each package, and for the overall product.
  • Can sort HTML results by class name, percent of lines covered, percent of branches covered, etc. And can sort in ascending or decending order.



Which framework you will choose as the best one?