‘Six’ best web frameworks in Java

A web application framework is a software framework that is designed to support the development of dynamic websites, Web applications and Web services. The framework aims to alleviate the overhead associated with common activities used in Web development. Here is the list of SIX best web frameworks which we are using in Java. Each one has its own advantages.

1. Java Server Faces – JSF

  • From Sun Microsystems
  • Based on Component Centric approach
  • Best Feature : The most using web framework. Because of its component architecture, the developer doesn’t need to mess with writing HTML, JavaScript etc to get rich “AJAX” type of functionality. It also takes care of state and event management. It has very less configuration too.

JavaServer Faces (JSF) is a new standard Java framework for building Web applications. It simplifies development by providing a component-centric approach to developing Java Web user interfaces. JavaServer Faces also appeals to a diverse audience of Java/Web developers. “Corporate developers” and Web designers will find that JSF development can be as simple as dragging and dropping user interface (UI) components onto a page, while “systems developers” will find that the rich and robust JSF API offers them unsurpassed power and programming flexibility. JSF also ensures that applications are well designed with greater maintainability by integrating the well established Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern into it’s architecture. Finally, since JSF is a Java standard developed through Java Community Process (JCP), development tools vendors are fully empowered to provide easy to use, visual, and productive develop environments for JavaServer Faces.

2. GWT

  • From Google
  • Based on Widgets
  • Best Feature : Speed development. Easy to develop good, neat and “Browser independent” Ajax applications. Give more stress to pure browser independent ;).

Google Web Toolkit (GWT) is an open source Java software development framework that makes writing AJAX applications like Google Maps and Gmail easy for developers who don’t speak browser quirks as a second language. Writing dynamic web applications today is a tedious and error-prone process; you spend 90% of your time working around subtle incompatibilities between web browsers and platforms, and JavaScript’s lack of modularity makes sharing, testing, and reusing AJAX components difficult and fragile.GWT lets you avoid many of these headaches while offering your users the same dynamic, standards-compliant experience. You write your front end in the Java programming language, and the GWT compiler converts your Java classes to browser-compliant JavaScript and HTML.Project Home and More features

3. Stripes

  • From Mc4j
  • Based on MVC architecture
  • Best Feature: No Configurations ) . Annotation based programming makes coding more interesting and easy.

Stripes is a presentation framework for building web applications using the latest Java technologies. The main driver behind Stripes is that web application development in Java is just too much work! It seems like every existing framework requires gobs of configuration.Project Home and more features

4. Spring MVC

  • From SpringSource
  • Based on MVC architecture
  • Best Feature : Speed development. Now so many Annotations are also included (v2.5). Its from SpringSource and have a good support too. Being a person who likes and works with Spring framework.. I really encouraged by their good and really fast support.

Spring Web MVC is the own web framework of Spring Framework.The Spring MVC Framework’s architecture and design are in such a way that every piece of logic and functionality is highly configurable. Also Spring can integrate effortlessly with other popular Web Frameworks like Struts, WebWork, Java Server Faces and Tapestry. It means that you can even instruct Spring to use any one of the Web Frameworks. More than that Spring is not tightly coupled with Servlets or Jsp to render the View to the Clients. Integration with other View technologies like Velocity, Freemarker, Excel or Pdf is also possible

5. Struts2

  • From Apache
  • Based on MVC architecture
  • Best Feature : No more ActionForms! Use any JavaBean to capture form input or put properties directly on an Action class. Use both binary and String properties! and its enhanced and rich tags

Apache Struts 2 is an elegant, extensible framework for creating enterprise-ready Java web applications. The framework is designed to streamline the full development cycle, from building, to deploying, to maintaining applications over time.Project Home and More Features

6. Wicket

  • From Apache
  • Based on Component Centric approach
  • Best Feature : Swing-like OO Component Model. This feature separates Wicket from all other frameworks

With proper mark-up/logic separation, a POJO data model, and a refreshing lack of XML, Apache Wicket makes developing web-apps simple and enjoyable again. Swap the boilerplate, complex debugging and brittle code for powerful, reusable components written with plain Java and HTML.Project Home and More Features here…

Please put your Suggestions and Ratings here and the frameworks which you are used and known as great ones. That will be more helpful to all of us to get the real idea. As we all know the selection is entirely related with the requirement, learning time and the using situation, this post is gives you an idea about the frameworks using nowadays. Its not at all easy to “rate” the Java frameworks and here I am putting this as per my knowledge and the current trends only. I expect your positive and negative suggestions through valuable comments. All the SIX frameworks noted here are excellent ones and do NOT consider the order as a RANK given to them.

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Three advantages of integrating Struts into Spring

Three advantages of integrating Struts into Spring

There are so many advantages of integrating a Struts application into the Spring framework. These three points I got from Mr.George Franciscus’s article in Developerworks.

1. Spring was explicitly designed to resolve some of the real-world problems of JEE, such as complexity, poor performance, testability, and much more.

2. The Spring framework includes an AOP implementation that lets you apply aspect-oriented techniques to normal object-oriented code.

3. Some might say that the Spring framework just handles Struts better than Struts handles itself 🙂

Source : More on this topic visit here

Technorati tags: Spring, Struts

Three ways to integrate Struts applications with Spring

1. Use Spring’s ActionSupport
2. Override the RequestProcessor
3. Delegate action management to Spring

Source : More on this topic visit here

Technorati tags: Spring, Struts 

12 BENEFITS of Spring MVC over Struts

Spring is a powerful Java application framework, used in a wide range of Java applications. It provides enterprise services to Plain Old Java Objects (POJOs). Spring uses dependency injection to achieve simplification and increase testability.

1. Spring provides a very clean division between controllers, JavaBean models, and views.

2. Spring’s MVC is very flexible. Unlike Struts, which forces your Action and Form objects into concrete inheritance (thus taking away your single shot at concrete inheritance in Java), Spring MVC is entirely based on interfaces. Furthermore, just about every part of the Spring MVC framework is configurable via plugging in your own interface. Of course we also provide convenience classes as an implementation option.

3. Spring, like WebWork, provides interceptors as well as controllers, making it easy to factor out behavior common to the handling of many requests.

4. Spring MVC is truly view-agnostic. You don’t get pushed to use JSP if you don’t want to; you can use Velocity, XLST or other view technologies. If you want to use a custom view mechanism – for example, your own templating language – you can easily implement the Spring View interface to integrate it.

5. Spring Controllers are configured via IoC like any other objects. This makes them easy to test, and beautifully integrated with other objects managed by Spring.

6. Spring MVC web tiers are typically easier to test than Struts web tiers, due to the avoidance of forced concrete inheritance and explicit dependence of controllers on the dispatcher servlet.

7. The web tier becomes a thin layer on top of a business object layer. This encourages good practice. Struts and other dedicated web frameworks leave you on your own in implementing your business objects; Spring provides an integrated framework for all tiers of your application.

8. No ActionForms. Bind directly to domain objects

9. More testable code (validation has no dependency on Servlet API)

10. Struts imposes dependencies on your Controllers (they must extend a Struts class), Spring doesn’t force you to do this although there are convenience Controller implementations that you can choose to extend.

11. Spring has a well defined interface to business layer

12. Spring offers better integration with view technologies other than JSP (Velocity / XSLT / FreeMarker / XL etc.)

Reference: Here